Tihar, also known as the Festival of Lights, is one of the most important festivals in Nepal and is celebrated for five days in the month of Kartik (October/November). It is the second biggest festival in Nepal, after Dashain.
Tihar is a Hindu festival that celebrates the relationship between humans and animals. Each day of the festival is dedicated to a different animal or object, and they are worshipped and celebrated in different ways.
The first day is called Kaag Tihar, and it is dedicated to crows, which are believed to be messengers of death. People offer food to the crows as a way of preventing bad luck.
The second day is called Kukur Tihar, and it is dedicated to dogs, which are believed to be loyal companions of humans. Dogs are decorated with garlands and given special treats to show appreciation for their loyalty. The third day is called Gai Tihar, and it is dedicated to cows, which are considered sacred in Hinduism. Cows are decorated with garlands and given special treats, and people worship them for their important role in agriculture.
The fourth day is called Laxmi Puja, and it is dedicated to the goddess of wealth, Laxmi. People light candles and lamps all around their homes to welcome the goddess and pray for prosperity and abundance. The fifth and final day is called Bhai Tika, and it is dedicated to the bond between brothers and sisters. Sisters put tika on their brother’s forehead and pray for their long life and prosperity.
Tihar is a time for people to come together, celebrate their culture and traditions, and strengthen their relationships with each other and with animals. The festival is also a time for reflection, gratitude, and renewal, and it is a beautiful spectacle of lights and colors throughout Nepal.